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A Guide to Beech, Birch & Ginkgo Biloba

Providing relief from hot weather and majestic beauty to your property.

These types of trees can  add layers to your landscape. Here is our quick quide to beech, birch & ginkgo biloba from our gardening experts.

Deciduous Trees

Shade Trees are large deciduous trees with broad, leafy crowns (leaves and branches) that provide space beneath its canopy.  Shade trees can grow to more than 50 feet tall when fully grown. You will find shade trees, such as Beech, Birch, Linden, Locusts, Maples and Oaks in the woods, as boulevard trees and in most yards.  Some of the more popular examples of are listed here.

Beech (Fagus sylvatica) – European Beech trees are classed as a shade tree for height, but they are so spectacular you will think of them as ornamental.  Many of these legacy trees are columnar in shape but provide some shade in the summer especially when planted together.  Fantastic as specimen trees providing 3 seasons of colour.  They are long-lived trees and slow to medium growers at 12” to 24” in height per year.

BirchOne of the most beautiful shade trees, Birch trees are also very cold hardy.  Birch trees are noticeable from their light coloured, peeling, papery bark and triangular leaves that turn yellow in fall.  Birch trees have many varieties that grow as a classic single trunk or others that are clumped in multiple stems.

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba, also known as Maidenhair trees, have uniquely fan-shaped leaves that start out green but change to golden-yellow in the fall.  The common name “maidenhair” was inspired by the fan shape of the leaves, which reminds people of the maidenhair fern whose leaf segments are also fan shaped.  Maidenhair trees can be quite large growing 50 to 80 feet tall & 30- to 40 feet wide at maturity.  The bark on older specimens of the tree becomes deeply furrowed.  A very interesting specimen tree particularly because of their golden fall foliage.

Dawyck Gold

Attractive lime green foliage emerges gold in spring. An incredible accent tree with smooth gray bark and highly ornamental leaves which turn an outstanding coppery bronze colour in the fall.


Red Obelisk

A splendid selection, this dark purple-red columnar Beech tree with crinkled leaves makes a statement. Fantastic fall coppery bronze colour and then this tree adds winter interest with its smooth silver bark.


Dawyck Purple

Very columnar, Dawyck trees may be more ornamental than shade. Coppery bronze leaves pop out in spring & finish with the same colour but have attractive rich purple foliage all summer.



A stunning enormous accent tree emerges very deep purple foliage fading to purple, green in summer. Beautiful when mature with a shapely oval form & the Beech tree signature coppery bronze leaves in fall.



Pyramidal Green Beech is another excellent ornamental that is very upright and columnar in stature. Lovely dark green foliage emerges light green in spring and which turn a striking coppery bronze colour in fall.


Tricolor Rosea Marginata

Exceptional unique variegation when the leaves emerge dark purple edged in pink or rose then turn a bronze green with pale pink or white edges in summer before turning golden bronze in fall.


Dakota Pinnacle

Asian White Birch (Betula platyphylla) - A dense, medium sized tree with a distinct and defined pyramidal shape. Features smooth white bark and dark, green foliage that turns yellow in the fall.


Heritage® Cully

Black/River Birch (Betula nigra) - A vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized tree with either a single trunk or multi-stemmed tree. Features salmon-cream to brownish bark which exfoliates to a creamy-white.


Dura Heat®

Black/River Birch (Betula nigra) - A more heat & drought tolerant form with improved insect & disease resistance. Pyramidal shaped Birch features dense glossy green leaves that fade to butter yellow in fall.



Paper/White Birch (Betula papyrifera) - An upright, pyramidal tree prized for its exceptionally white bark. Available in a single trunk or multi-stemmed, this tree loves our cooler climate making it a great choice.


Ginkgo Biloba

One of the oldest living tree species, it has a pyramidal shape with a columnar branched trunk. The fissured gray bark is deeply furrowed on older trees and has a corky texture. Leathery, fan-shaped leaves are borne on thickened, short, spurlike shoots.

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba Autumn Gold

This fruitless Maidenhair cultivar makes a spectacular accent tree with its refined pyramidal form and unusual fan shaped leaves. The delightful golden fall colour stays on the tree for several weeks, then leaves drop to form a carpet of gold beneath it.

Ginkgo Biloba

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