roses

Roses are thought by most of us to be some of the most beautiful plants to grow and are well worth the little extra care needed.

Roses require at least 6 hours of sunlight per day and prefer a fertile, well drained loam with some organic material.

Container grown roses can be planted spring, summer or fall because they already have an established root system. Water the root-ball thoroughly before planting then gently remove the container and place in the hole. The planting hole should be the same depth as the root-ball and one and a half times the width. Less hardy varieties need to be planted deeper to protect the bud union. Amend the existing soil with well-rotted manure, compost or moist peat moss and bone meal. Gently pack the amended soil around the roots, watering as you go to settle the soil. The best time to plant is on cloudy or rainy days. Water your roses regularly in the morning to ensure that the foliage dries quickly. Begin fertilizing after winter protection has been removed and spring pruning has been done, continuing as recommended by your fertilizer directions until approximately the end of July in Southern Ontario. Never fertilize a dry plant and always follow directions on the package.

In general, pruning is done in the early spring before the rose breaks winter dormancy with tender roses requiring more pruning and hardy roses less. Remove any dead, diseased canes that grow into the centre rubbing other canes. Hybrid Tea varieties should be pruned to 3 to 5 buds on 3 to 5 canes while Floribunda and Grandiflora varieties should be pruned to 5 to 7 buds on 5 to 7 well-spaced canes. Shrub and English rose varieties require mostly thinning and shaping. Climbing roses should not be pruned for 2 to 3 years after planting. Annually remove 1 or 2 of the oldest canes and trim long ones to keep them within bounds. Prune ground cover roses to keep them in the available space. With Flower Carpet varieties, cut back to about 12 inches in order to rejuvenate. Ideally, cuts should be made about ¼ inch above an outward facing bud at an angle of 45 degrees. When removing an entire cane cut it back as close to the base or bud union as you can.


Keeping Roses Healthy

Roses are vulnerable to fungal leaf diseases such as blackspot and mildew, particularly when rain is frequent or during extended periods of humidity. Leaves develop a grey film or black spots; fungal diseases are hard to fight once established. Fortunately, preventive treatments are quite successful if applied regularly before disease spots or mildew is visible. Coating rose foliage with preventive solutions keeps fungus spores from germinating and growing into leaf tissues.

Whenever possible, plant roses with inbred disease resistance. Avoid crowding plants and provide good air circulation around rose shrubs. Always collect fallen diseased leaves and put them into household garbage, don't compost them.

To help prevent blackspot and mildew, mix one teaspoon (5ml) baking soda with one quart (1L) water and two drops of dishwashing liquid. Mix well and spray this solution on rose leaves every seven to 10 days - more often if rain washes the application off. A liquid sulphur solution product (available at garden centres) is also effective, following the same schedule. If purchased as a concentrate, following the instructions for mixing on the package.


Shrub Roses

Shrub roses, which include Explorer, and English (David Austin) varieties are hardy and easy to grow with better disease and pest resistance. Some of the varieties that we regularly carry include the following:

AC Navy Lady (red) Heritage (light pink)
Alexander Mackenzie (deep red) John Cabot (red)
Bonica (pink) J.P. Connell (creamy yellow)
Carefree Spirit (red/pink) Leander (apricot)
Carefree Beauty (Pink) John Davis (pink)
Canadian Shield (Red) L.D. Braithwait (red)
Captain Samuel Holland (red) Mary Rose (pink)
Carefree Wonder (pink/white reverse) Morden Fireglow (scarlett)
Carmella Fairy Tale (amber yellow) Morden Ruby (mottled pink)
Champlain (red) Mordern Sunrise (Peach Yellow)
Charles Austin (yellow/apricot) Oso Easy Paprika (orange mottled)
Cinderella Fairy Tale (light pink) Oso Easy Strawberry Crush (red mottled)
Crown Princess Margareta (orange) Othello (red)
Double Knockout (pink) Pink Home Run (pink)
Double Knockout (pink) Party Hardy (pink)
Elegant Fairy Tale (cream pink)Sea Foam (white)
Emily Carr (rich red) The Fairy (pink)
F.J. Grootendorst (medium red) Rheinaupark (red)
Fair Bianca (white) Rosa Rugosa ‘Hansa’ (pink)
Flower Carpet Series (pink, red, white, yellow, apricot) Rosa Rugosa (red)
Golden Celebration (yellow) Red Fairy (red)
Graham Thomas (yellow) Winchester Cathedral (white)

Climbing Roses

These roses generally have long arching canes ranging from 8 to 15 feet and require training as well as being tied on some form of support. The hardiness depends in the parentage of the variety with the Explorers being the hardiest. Some of the varieties that we regularly carry include:

Angela (soft pink)
All Ablaze (pink/red)
Blaze (pink)
Blaze improved(red)
Climbing Carefree Sunshine (yellow)
Coral Dawn (coral)
Dublin Bay (bright red)
Goldstar (yellow)
Grandessa (red)
Kordes Moonlight (yellow)
Leaping Salmon (salmon orange)
Lemon Meringue (yellow)
Light Queen Lucia (lemon yellow)
New Dawn (pink blush)
Westerland (red & yellow)
Yellow Blaze (yellow)

Hybrid Tea Roses

These upright bushes come in an extensive colour range with long blooming large flowers. Some are intensely fragrant. An excellent specimen with large flowers makes it a popular cut flower. In colder areas mound with compost for winter protection. Some of the varieties we regularly carry include:

Berolina (yellow)Love Magic (dark red)
Black Ruby (deep red)Maid of Honor (apricot/cream)
Blue Girl (lavender)Mellow Yellow (yellow)
Chicago Peace (pink & yellow)Mister Lincoln (red)
Double Delight (red & white)Oklahoma (red)
Electron (pink)Pascali (white)
Erotica (red)Peace (yellow/pink edge)
Elina (light yellow)Princess Diana Rose (salmon & pink)
Flaming Peace (red & yellow)Rebekah (soft pink)
Folklore (orange)St. Patrick (yellow)
Garden Party (cream/pink blend)Savannah (pink)
Gold Glow (golden yellow)Sunburst (yellow)
Golden Fairy Tale (yellow)Tropicana (orange)
Grand Amore (bright red)Voodoo (orange)
Ice Cream (Memoire) (white)Warm Wishes (Sunset Celebration) (apricot)
Ice Girl (white)World Rose (Die Welt) (yellow/salmon)
Lions International (yellow)

Floribunda Roses

These were produced by crossing Hybrid Tea roses with Polyanthas. They have a similar hardiness and colour range to Hybrid Teas but are a more compact plant with clusters of smaller flowers blooming abundantly thru the growing season. Some of the varieties that we regularly carry include:

Betty Boop (cream with red)
Bonica (pastel pink)
Brilliant Pink Iceberg (pink)
Brothers Grimm Fairy Tale (deep orange red)
Burgundy Iceberg (burgundy)
Cinderella Fairy (pink)
Floral Fairy Tale (apricot)
Freesia (yellow)
Friesia (bright yellow)
Hot Cocoa (copper red)
Iceberg (white)
Julia Child (apricot)
Kosmos Fairy Tale (white)
Lilli Marleine (red)
Pomponella Fairy Tale (deep pink)
Sentimental (pink/red/white mottled)
Sexy Rexy (medium to light pink)
Tabris (white/magenta)
Tornado (red)

Grandiflora Roses

These beauties were produced from crossing Hybrid Teas and Floribunda roses. The flowers are similar to, but smaller than Hybrid Tea flowers and either singly or in small clusters. Some of the varieties we regularly carry include:

Dream Come True (yellow/ruby edge)
J.S. Armstrong (red)
Love (deep pink/silver)
Mount Shasta (white)
Queen Elizabeth (soft pink)
Scarlett Queen (orange scarlet)
Sonia Supreme (pink)
Wild Blue Yonder (lavender blend)

Landscape Roses

These roses are all vigorous and low growing varieties that bloom continuously all season in clusters, require little pruning, (most) are virtually disease free, and are reliably winter hardy in zone 5. They fill space beautifully with their spreading habit and the abundance of bloom makes a spectacular show.

Apricot Vigorosa (apricot)
Innocencia Vigorosa (white)
Ruby Vigorosa (crimson red)
Salmon Vigorosa (vibrant salmon pink)
Sweet Vigorosa (bright deep pink)

Hardy Rose Trees

Rose Trees are hardy, reliable and disease resistant. Your rose trees will give you an abundance of beauitiful blooms from early spring to the first frost. Truly a winner in any garden.

Knock out standard (red)
Double Knock out standard (yellow)
Campfire standard (scarlet)
Mordern Sunrise Standard (pink supreme)

Flower Carpet Rose

Masses of vivid blooms cover the evergreen bushes all season long. Heat & humidity tolerant - Disease Resistant.

Yellow
Red
Scarlet
Pink Supreme

Knock Out Roses - Hardy Landscape Roses

The Knock Out® Family are easy to grow and when planted in large groups, they create wonderful, colorful hedges or along a foundation to provide a bright border.

Double Knock Out Rose
Knock Out Rose
Pink Double Knock Out Rose
Sunny Knock Out Rose

David Austin English Tea Roses

David Austin English Tea Roses are hardy shrub roses. They have exquisite flowers with each packed with numerous small petals. Fragrant and free flowering, these contact shrubs are one of the most beautiful of all the roses.

Abraham Darby (pink/apricot/yellow)Charles Austin (apricot)
Crown Princess Margaretta (orange)Evelyn (pink)
Fair Blanca (white)Fisherman's Friend (red)
Gertrude Jekyll (pink)Graham Thomas (yellow/gold)
Heritage (shell pink)Mary Rose (rose pink)
Othello (crimpson red/purple)Rose-Marie (white with pink hue)
Teasing Georgia (yellow)William Morris (apricot/pink)
Winchester Cathedral (white)Rebekah (soft pink)

Explorer Shrub Roses - Hardy Landscape Roses

Explorer Shrub Roses are a series of roses that are hardy, disease resistant, repeat blooming and easy to propagate from cuttings.

AC de Montarville (pink)
Champlain (red)
J.P Connell (creamy white/yellow)
John Cabot (dark pink)
John Davis (pink)
William Baffin (deep pink/yellow)
Click here to read our Gardening Info Rose Article»